Egypt - The Great Pyramid

Egypt is a country steeped in history.  Most famous for being the location of 2 of the 7 ancient wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza and the lighthouse at Alexandria.  Located in the northeast corner of Africa, it is a country with a grand ancestry.  One of the largest rivers of the world, the Nile runs through the heart of Egypt and is one way to explore this historical country.  This travel guide will include information on Alexandria, Cairo, and Giza.  Our experience in Egypt was limited as we traveled here via cruise ship and only had two days to explore these cities on a guided tour.

Things you MUST see/do:

Cairo & Giza:

Pyramid of Imhotep Built 300 years before the more famous pyramids in Giza.  It is built in step pyramid style, similar to the style used by the mayans in the construction of their pyramids.  On the grounds of the pyramid, check out the tombs that contain hieroglyphics and some of the first pillars in the entrance to the site.

Pyramids of Giza – There are many locations around the 3 pyramids to get panoramic pictures.  Take note of the middle pyramid (Pyramid of Khafre) near the peak that still possesses a small amount of the original outer casing.  Walk up close to the pyramids to get a good perspective of the actual size of the stones that were used to build these wonders of the world. 

The Sphinx – Located in front of the pyramids, you can walk up the banks on the left hand side to get unobstructed views of the Sphinx.  There are also great photo taking opportunities looking directly at the face of the Sphinx with the Great Pyramids in the background.

The Nile – Largely regarded as the longest river in the world, the Nile River runs from Central Eastern Africa to the Mediterranean Sea.  On its journey it travel s through numerous countries.  On its journey through Egypt, the Nile travels through mainly desert.  As a result, it was an extremely important water source for the ancient Egyptians.  Many of the most important structures in Egypt are located very near to the river for this reason.


The Library at Alexandria – An ultra-modern building in the heart of Alexandria perched right across the street from the ocean.  The library complex contains many more things than just a library including museums, and a planetarium.  The building was built in 2002, but was supposed to look like and pay homage to the original library of Alexandria built in the 3rd century BC.  The new library was built very near the site of the original library.

The Palace of Pharaoh Farouk – The palace built for the last pharaoh of Egypt, it is built in the Turkish style and has the largest gardens in Alexandria.  It is located right on the ocean and is a nice place to take a stroll in the lush gardens.

Fort Qaitbay – Built on the location of the Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.  The lighthouse was originally built by Ptolemy, however, it no longer stands, this site is still worth a visit.  Fort Qaitbay is a very interesting building and it currently houses a naval museum.

Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque  – The largest Mosque in Alexandria.  The mosque was built around 1775 over the tomb of a saint and scholar of the same name.  The building is a beautiful structure with an ivory-like exterior and very intricate carvings  that are definitely worth seeing.

Travels4Couples highly recommended EXPERIENCES:

Ride a camel – At the Great Pyramids of Giza there is an opportunity to get on a camel and have your picture taken.  Make sure you agree on a price beforehand and only have that money on your person as this is known to be a tourist trap where you can be swindled out of your money.

Enter the Pyramids – Take a tour through the pyramids to get a chance to actually see the inside of these architectural feats.  The tour includes a visit to the tomb, however, the actual sarcophagus no longer resides in the pyramid.  It can be warm inside the pyramid, so be prepared and the entrance pathway is quite low – only about 4 feet high so you may need to hunch down

Travels4Couples #1 ROMANTIC thing to do Egypt:

Cruise the Nile – This river has a rich history and there are many options with which to explore it.  Multiple companies do brunch, lunch, dinner or day cruises to learn about the Nile and see the sights along its shores.


More articles on Egypt:

The Pyramids at Giza…Realizing a Dream